Prompt payment is a commercial discipline which requires businesses to:
- agree fair and reasonable payment terms with their suppliers
- ensure suppliers’ invoices are approved and paid within agreed terms
- encourage adoption of the same practices throughout their supply chain.
It is the opposite of late payment, to which the European Union’s Late Payments Directive and the Late Payment of Commercial Debts (Interest) Act 1998 in the United Kingdom are directed. Prompt payment may also be contrasted with excessively long or grossly unfair payment terms, such as payment terms in excess of 60 days, even where such terms are honoured by the business making payment.
In the UK, businesses are encouraged to sign the Prompt Payment Code  to testify to their commitment to adopting a prompt payment culture. As at 15 August 2016, 1831 businesses had signed the code. The Code is hosted and administered for UK government by the Chartered Institute of Credit Management. The UK Government issued a consultation document in February 2015  aimed at “challenging grossly unfair payment terms” and “strengthening the Prompt Payment Code”. Section 3 of the Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act 2015  made further provision for companies to have a “duty to publish report on payment practices and performance” (subject to regulations which, as at August 2016, have not yet been brought forward). The UK government also made provision in section 28 of the Enterprise Act 2016 to penalise delayed payment of insurance claims.
In April 2019, Sisk Group was removed and six other major construction businesses were suspended from the UK Government’s Prompt Payment Code for failing to pay suppliers on time.
In the United States, prompt payment of federal government supplier debts is enshrined in Title 31 of the United States Code, chapter 39 being known as the ‘Prompt Payment Act’. The California Legislature has implemented a comprehensive series of laws known as the ‘prompt payment statutes’.
- ^Prompt Payment Code
- ^Small Business, Enterprise and Employment Act 2015
- ^Enterprise Act 2016
- ^Morby, Aaron (29 April 2019). “Industry giants shamed over late payment”. Construction Enquirer. Retrieved 29 April 2019.