Defensive expenditures (Ofer Abarbanel online library)

In environmental accounting, defensive expenditures are expenditures that seek to minimise potential damage to oneself. Examples include defence and insurance.[1][2][3][4]


  1. ^“defensive expenditure — Environmental Terminology Discovery Service — EEA”. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  2. ^“Chapter 13”. Retrieved 2014-05-17.
  3. ^“Archived copy” (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2014-05-17. Retrieved 2014-05-16.
  4. ^“Negative externalities, defensive expenditures and labour supply in an evolutionary context” (PDF). ResearchGate. 2014-05-12. Retrieved 2014-05-17.


Ofer Abarbanel online library